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About Afghanistan: Skyline, Kabul, AfghanistanAfghanistan or the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 31 million people. Afghanistan covers 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast.

As of 2012, the population of Afghanistan is around 31,108,077. In 1979, the population was reported to be about 15.5 million. The only city with over a million residents is its capital, Kabul.

Economy, Mining, AfghanistanEconomy of Afghanistan: Afghanistan is an impoverished and least developed country, one of the world's poorest because of decades of war and lack of foreign investment.

As of 2013, the nation's GDP stands at about $45.3 billion with an exchange rate of $20.65 billion, The Afghan economy has been growing at about 10% per year in the last decade. The country is known for producing some of the finest pomegranates, grapes, apricots, melons, and several other fresh and dry fruits, including nuts.

Mining: Afghanistan has an average 2.9 billion (bn) barrels (bbl) of crude oil, 15.7 trillion cubic feet (440 bn m3) of natural gas, and 562 million bbl of natural gas liquids. Besides that country has huge amounts of lithium, copper, gold, coal, iron ore, and other minerals.

TraKabul International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistannsportation: Air transport in Afghanistan is provided by Ariana Afghan Airlines (AAA), and by private companies such as Afghan Jet International, East Horizon Airlines, Kam Air, Pamir Airways, and Safi Airways. 

The country has only two rail links, one a 75 km line from Kheyrabad to the Uzbekistan border and the other a 10 km long line from Toraghundi to the Turkmenistan border.

Traveling by bus in Afghanistan remains dangerous due to careless and intoxicated bus drivers as well as militant activities. The buses are usually older model Mercedes-Benz and owned by private companies. Serious traffic accidents are common on Afghan roads and highways, particularly on the Kabul–Kandahar and the Kabul–Jalalabad Road.

American University of Afghanistan, Kabul, AfghanistanEducation in Afghanistan: Education in the country includes K–12 and higher education, which is supervised by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education.

Education is served by the Kabul University,  American University of Afghanistan,  Kandahar University in the south, Herat University in the northwest, Balkh University in the north, Nangarhar University and Khost University etc.

Sports: The Afghanistan national football team has been competing in internationaFood, Kabul, Afghanistanl football since 1941. The national team plays its home games at the Ghazi Stadium in Kabul, while football in Afghanistan is governed by the Afghanistan Football Federation. 

Culture of Afghanistan: Afghans display pride in their culture, nation, ancestry, and above all, their religion and independence. The nation has a complex history that has survived either in its current cultures or in the form of various languages and monuments. However, many of its historic monuments have been damaged in recent wars.  literacy is low, classic Persian and Pashto poetry plays an important role in the Afghan culture. Poetry has always been one of the major educational pillars in the region, to the level that it has integrated itself into culture.

Minaret of Jam, AfghanistanAttractions in Afghanistan:  Minaret of Jam: It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in a remote and nearly inaccessible region of the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, next to the Hari River. The archaeological landscape around Jam also includes the ruins of a 'palace', fortifications, a pottery kiln and a Jewish cemetery, and has been suggested to be the remains of the lost city of Turquoise Mountain.

National Museum of Afghanistan: The National Museum of Afghanistan, also known as the Afghan National Museum or sometimes the Kabul Museum, is a two-story building located 9 km southwest of the center of Kabul City in Afghanistan. The museum's collection had earlier been one of the most important in Central Asia, with over 100,000 items dating back severaNational Museum of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistanl millennia. With the start of the civil war in 1992.

Many treasures of ivory are stored there, as are antiquities from Kushan, early Buddhism, and early Islam. One of the most famous pieces in the museum, and known to have survived the turbulent period in the 1990s is the Rabatak Inscription of King Kanishka.

Kabul Zoo: The KaKabul Zoo Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistanbul Zoo is located in Kabul, Afghanistan, on the bank of the Kabul River. As of 2010, the zoo has about 280 animals, which includes 45 species of birds and mammals and 36 species of fish.

Museum of Islamic Art, Ghazni: The Museum of Islamic Art is a museum located in Ghazni, Afghanistan. It is located in Rauza, a suburb of Ghazni.

Muztagh Ata: Muztagh Ata is the second highest of the mountains which form the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. It is sometimes regarded as being part of the Kunlun Shan, although physically it is more closely connected to the Pamirs.


Regions of Afghanistan

Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh
Bamian Farah Faryab Ghazni
Ghowr Helmand Herat Jowzjan
Kabol Kandahar Kapisa Konar
Kondoz Laghman Lowgar Nangarhar
Nimruz Oruzgan Other Paktia
Paktika Parvan Samangan Sar-e Pol
Takhar Vardak Zabul  


Regions within Afghanistan:

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