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About Armenia

Armenia  is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus.  Yerevan is the capital. Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage.  The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991.

Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, the Council of Europe and the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Armenia supports the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which was proclaimed in 1991. Armenians have their own unique alphabet, which was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD. Armenia's economy was largely industry-based – chemicals, electronics, machinery, processed food, synthetic rubber, and textile – and highly dependent on outside resources.

Blue Mosque

Blue Mosque is a mosque in Yerevan, Armenia. The Yerevan region had been under the control of various Muslim rulers since the incursions of Timur in the 14th century.For the mosque's construction, various dates from the mid-18th century are cited in literature. As reported by 19th-century traveller H.F.B. Lynch, the Blue Mosque was commissioned to be built during the reign of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah (1736–47) by Husayn Ali Khan.

The building was the main congregational mosque for the city. When Yerevan was captured by Russia in 1827 it was, according to the cataster drawn up by the Russians, the largest of its eight functioning mosques. The building consisted of the main prayer hall, a library, and a madrasa with 28 cells, all organised around a courtyard, with the overall complex occupying 7,000 square metres of land.

Khor Virap

Khor Virap is an Armenian Apostolic Church. Khor Virap's notability as a monastery and pilgrimage site is attributed to the fact that Grigor Lusavorich, who later became Saint Gregory the Illuminator, was initially imprisoned here for 14 years by King Tiridates III of Armenia.

A chapel was initially built in 642 AD at the site of Kirat Virap by Nerses III the Builder as a mark of veneration to Saint Gregory. Over the centuries, it was repeatedly rebuilt. In 1662, the larger chapel known as the "St. Astvatsatsin" (Holy Mother of God) was built around the ruins of the old chapel, the monastery, the refectory and the cells of the monks. Now, regular Church services are held in this church. It is probably the most visited pilgrimage site in Armenia

Armenian cuisine

Armenian cuisine the foods and cooking techniques of the Armenian people, the Armenian diaspora and traditional Armenian foods and dishes. The preparation of meat, fish, and vegetable dishes in an Armenian kitchen requires stuffing, frothing, and puréeing.

Armenian cuisine belongs to the family of Caucasian cuisines, and has strong ties with Turkish Cuisine, Georgian cuisine, Persian Cuisine, and Levantine cuisine. Historically, there have been mutual influences with all of the above-listed cuisines, though the exact nature of the influences is nebulous due to the dearth of research, political and nationalistic tensions, and the close co-habitation of the Armenian, Turkish, and Iranian people during the past seven centuries.

Yerevan

Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. It has been the capital since 1918. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by king Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain. Yerevan was transformed from a provincial town within the Russian Empire, to Armenia's principal cultural, artistic, and industrial center, as well as becoming the seat of national government.

Tourism in Armenia is developing year by year and the capital city of Yerevan is one of the major tourist destinations. The city has a majority of luxury hotels, modern restaurants, bars, pubs and nightclubs. Zvartnots airport has also conducted renovation projects with the growing number of tourists visiting the country.

 


Regions within Armenia:

A - G - K - L - S - T - V - Y

G
  Geghark'unik'
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