Culture: The Arts are an important part of the Salzburger tradition: home to Mozart, the annual Salzburg Festival, and the mystery play Jedermann (Everyman). Salzburg province also shares much of its rural regional and provincial culture with neighboring Bavaria and Tyrol. This makes it a wonderful place to experience both the high culture of the Mozart era and the true alpine Austrian culture at its purest.
Rivers and Mountains: Salzburg stretches along its primary river, the Salzach running from the Central Eastern Alps in the south. It is surrounded by the Austrian lands of Upper Austria in the northeast, by Styria in the east, by Carinthia in the south as well as by Tyrol and South Tyrol in the southwest. The Dachstein massif and the Berchtesgaden Alps ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps border Salzburg Land to the east and north.
History: In 1816, following the defeat of Napoleon and the provision of adequate compensation to Bavaria at the Congress of Vienna, it was returned to Austria with the exception of the north-western 'Rupertigau' which remained Bavarian. . In 1849 the Duchy of Salzburg was established as a crown land of the Austrian Empire. In 1955 Austria was declared independent of the Allies and Salzburg was once again one of the reconstituted federal-states of the second Republik Osterreich.
Capital city: Salzburg was originally known as Juvavum, a trading stop on one of the Roman Empire’s most important routes. It is the fourth-largest city in Austria. The "Old Town" of Saulzburg is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
Tourisms: As a Land of culture it offers everything from classical to traditional folklore events, as a Land of economy it is home to innovative technological enterprises, successful small and medium sized businesses and organic farms, as a Land of sport it has produced world class athletes and offers a comprehensive range of leisure facilities for everyman, as a Land of nature it welcomes guests from all over the world offering classic sightseeing as well as breath-taking natural beauty spots and as a Land of knowledge it is dedicated to the acquisition of knowledge and boasts modern research
Capital city attraction: Schloss Leopoldskron: The palace is located on the lake Leopoldskroner Weiher, with magnificent view of the majestic mountains, the palace is only a short walk from the old town of Salzburg. The main features of the palace is the historic walls of the Birthplace of the Salzburg Festival. The 12 suites at the palace and the 55 rooms in the adjoining Meierhof impart a private living atmosphere in English mansion style. The palace has been home to the Salzburg Global Seminar since 1947.