It imports large quantities of raw materials and exports a large volume of manufactured goods, mostly to other EU countries. The cities, towns, and villages of Belgium provide a fascinating vista of history and the present day. Wonderful market squares with early examples of merchant and guild-houses. The area of Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, causing it to be dubbed the "Battlefield of Europe.
Climate: Belgium has a temperate maritime climate with rains in the summer months (December-April). The average annual maximum temperature is 25 °C and the minimum is 15 °C . Heavy rains from December to March and a markedly dry season from May to October, where sunny days post temperatures of 25°C and freezing nights. In the eastern regions hills cause a cooler and wetter climate with more rainfall and sometimes heavy snowfall in the winter.
Geography: Belgium is a low-lying country on the North Sea coast in the Benelux. With the majority of West European capitals within 1,000km of the Belgian capital of Brussels. Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries. Belgium shares borders with France (620 km), Germany (167 km), Luxembourg (148 km) and the Netherlands (450 km).
Mountains and Rivers: According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the territory of Belgium belongs to the eco region of Atlantic mixed forests. Belgium has three main geographical regions: the coastal plain in the north-west and the central plateau both belong to the Anglo-Belgian Basin; the Ardennes uplands in the south-east are part of the Hercynian orogenic belt. The Paris Basin reaches a small fourth area at Belgium's southernmost tip, Belgian Lorraine. Extending westward into France, this area is eastwardly connected to the Eifel in Germany by the High Fens plateau, on which the Signal de Botrange forms the country's highest point at 694 meters.
Nature: Further inland lies a smooth, slowly rising landscape irrigated by numerous waterways, with fertile valleys and the northeastern sandy plain of the Campine. The Forest Reserves are forests (or parts of forests) protected for their distinctive or important indigenous tree species. Nature Parks are areas governed by special arrangements designed to conserve the environment, the indigenous flora and fauna, the air, water and soil. There are thousands and thousands of different kinds of plants, fungi and moss as well as more than 350 species of birds to be spotted. The forest is an absolute haven for different species of game, foxes, red deer, wild boar, lynxes and wild cats to name just a few.
Capital city: Brussels is the capital of Belgium. The city has grown from a 10th-century fortress town founded by a descendant of Charlemagne to a sizeable city. The city has become the polyglot home of numerous international organizations, politicians, diplomats and civil servants. Brussels serves as capital of the European Union, hosting the major political institutions of the Union. The architecture in Brussels is diverse, and spans from the medieval constructions on the Grand Place to the postmodern buildings of the EU institutions. The city has had a renowned artist scene for many years. The city was also home of Impressionist painters like Anna Boch from the Artist Group Les XX and include others famous Belgian painters such as Leon Spilliaert & Guy Huygens. Brussels is known for its local waffle, its chocolate, its French fries and its numerous types of beers.
Economy: One of the founding members of the European Union, Belgium strongly supports an open economy and the extension of the powers of EU institutions to integrate member economies. Belgium's main imports are raw materials, machinery and equipment, chemicals, raw diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, and oil products. Its main exports are machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, and foodstuffs. Belgium experiences some of the most congested traffic in Europe. Belgium was the first continental European country to undergo the Industrial Revolution, in the early 19th century.
Education and Health: Belgium had the third highest proportion of 18- to 21-year-olds enrolled in postsecondary education, at 42%. Mirroring the dual structure of the 19th-century Belgian political landscape, characterized by the Liberal and the Catholic parties, the educational system is segregated within a secular and a religious segment. Education being organised separately by each, the Flemish Community scores noticeably above the French and German-speaking Communities. he Belgians are known to be favored with good health. Healthcare in Belgium is financed through both social security contributions and taxation. Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system.
Tourisms: Belgium offers a craving for art and culture or architectural beauty, will be pampered in our cities of art. Those who would like a taste of our gastronomy, cultural events and nightlife, will have their every wish satisfied. Domestic architecture and public buildings. Meandering rivers ,long, wide, canals, still heavily used as a means of transport. Fine holiday destinations along the North Sea coast are much visited. Like many national institutions in Belgium, the national tourist agencies are spilt along regional lines with two tourist agencies. Belgium ranked 21st on the World Economic Forum's 2007 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index, lower than all the neighboring countries.
Sports: football is one of the most popular sports in both parts of Belgium, together with cycling, tennis, swimming, judo and basketball. Belgium hosted the 1972 European Football Championships, and co-hosted the 2000 European Championships with the Netherlands. Belgium include the Memorial Van Damme athletics competition, the Belgian Grand Prix Formula One, and a number of classic cycle races. Belgium have also the most victories on the UCI Road World Championships.
Regions In Belgium