About Bosnia and Herzegovina:
Bosnia and Herzegovina known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. It is lush, mountainous landscape, best seen from the vantage point of one of the national parks. To some, the country remains synonymous with the Yugoslav wars that ravaged the Balkan region. The Bosnian region in the north is mountainous and covered with thick forests. The Herzegovina region in the south is largely rugged, flat farmland. Bosnia and Herzegovina's urban centres, especially the cosmopolitan capital of Sarajevo with its Turkish heritage and lively cafe.
The country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education levels and is one of the most frequently visited countries in the region. agriculture is almost all in private hands, farms are small and inefficient, and the republic traditionally is a net importer of food. Industry has been greatly overstaffed, one reflection of the socialist economic structure of Yugoslavia.
Climate: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a climate that is as variable as the rest of the former Yugoslav federation, with moderate continental climatic conditions generally the norm from very cold winters and hot summers.
Geography: Bosnia and Herzegovina is located on the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for 20 kilometres (12 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the city of Neum. The country is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps. The northeastern parts reach into the Pannonian basin, while in the south it borders the Adriatic. Bosnia and Herzegovina is forested. Most forest areas are in Central, Eastern and Western parts of Bosnia. Herzegovina has drier Mediterranean climate, with dominant karst topography.
Nature: The Vjetrenica cave in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina has been around for 10 million years, but only recently have tourists been able to access it in an ecologically safe way that protects both them and the cave’s delicate environment. The northeastern parts reach into the Pannonian basin, while in the south it borders the Adriatic. The Dinaric Alps generally run in an east-west direction, and get higher towards the south. The highest point of the country is peak Maglic at 2,386 m, at the Montenegrin border. Bosnia occupies the northern areas which are roughly four-fifths of the entire country, while Herzegovina occupies the rest in the southern part of the country. Northern Bosnia contains very fertile agricultural land along the river Sava and the corresponding area is heavily farmed.
Flora and Fauna: The region's climate has given Bosnia and Herzegovina a wealth of diverse flora and fauna. Ferns, flowers, mosses, and common trees populate the landscape. Wild animals include deer, brown bears, rabbits, fox, and wild boars. A beautiful and unspoiled nature, which surrounds a region in which we are located, generously gave many herbs. The country surrounded by vast expanses of forests and grasslands and rivers. Surrounding forests, with a large number of sources of drinking water, are habitat for many plant and animal species. The water in these areas is clean and fresh the entire flow, and rich with gentle fish species.
Capital city: Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is one of the most historically interesting and varied cities in Europe. It is a place where the Western & Eastern Roman Empire split; where the people of the Roman Catholic west, Eastern Orthodox east and the Ottoman south, met, lived and warred. Sarajevo has been undergoing post-war reconstruction, and is the fastest growing city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city is nestled within the greater Sarajevo valley of Bosnia, it is surrounded by the Dinaric Alps and situated along the Miljacka River in the heart of Southeastern Europe and the Balkans. Sarajevo was the first city in Europe and the second city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city.
Things to do: Bosnia & Herzegovina's mountainous landscape provides numerous hill-walking opportunities, although it is imperative to avoid areas where landmines still pose a threat. The most western Muslim settlement in Europe in the Bihac pocket in northwestern Bosnia & Herzegovina, close to the Croatian border. Bosnia & Herzegovina's only beach head to Neum at the short stretch of coast that divides Croatia's Dalmatian seashore. The wildlife and the unspoilt beauty of Sutjeska National Park. It contains Maglic Mountain - at 2,368m (7,769ft), the highest point in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Rafting tours are available along the Neretva, Una and Tara rivers, which offer some of the most exciting locations in Europe.
Shopping and Nightlife: Souvenirs, particular to Bosnia and Herzegovina and stark reminders of the past Yugoslav War, are the engraved artillery shell casings that are available at the Bascarsija bazaar in Sarajevo. Traditional purchases include woodcarvings, brass coffee-pots, ceramics, handmade carpets, woollen goods, wines, folk-art, tapestries, embroidery and leather boxes. Bosnia and Herzegovina's capital, has some of the best nightlife in southeast Europe. In addition to numerous cosmopolitan bars and nightclubs there is also a wealth of cinemas and theatres, along with music venues that stage everything from jazz to opera.
Cuisine: Turkish-style coffee is common. Bosnian cuisine uses many spices, but usually in moderate quantities. Most dishes are light, as they are cooked in lots of water; the sauces are fully natural, consisting of little more than the natural juices of the vegetables in the dish. The food is closely related to Turkish, Middle Eastern, and other Mediterranean cuisines. Typical meat dishes include primarily beef and lamb. Some local specialties are cevapi, burek, dolma, sarma, pilav, gulas ,ajvar and a whole range of Eastern sweets. The best local wines come from Herzegovina where the climate is suitable for growing grapes. Plum or apple rakija, is produced in Bosnia.