Geography: Tianjin borders Hebei Province and Beijing Municipality, bounded to the east by the Bohai Gulf portion of the Yellow Sea. The city is bordering on the Bohai Sea in the east. It is one of three municipalities of China directly under the Central Government. The five main tributaries of the Haihe River, namely, the Yongding, Daqing, Ziya, Nanyunhe and Chaobai, coverage here to from the Haihe River, which flows through the city and empties into Bohai Sea at Dagukou. The municipality is generally flat, and swampy near the coast, but hilly in the far north, where the Yan Mountains intrude into northern Tianjin. The highest point in the municipality is Jiuding Peak.
History: Tianjin gradually took shape in 12th century when more and more settlements were established. It was a county town in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and became a municipality in 1928. In 1856, Chinese soldiers boarded The Arrow, a Chinese-owned ship registered in Hong Kong flying the British flag and suspected of piracy, smuggling, and of being engaged in the opium trade. On 26 June, European defense forces heading towards Beijing were stopped by Boxers at nearby Langfang, and were defeated and forced to turn back to Tianjin. Tianjin was established as a municipality of China in 1927. Tianjin became one of centres of industry foreign trade and science-technology of socialist China now.
Local Product: Handicraft articles such as carpets, kites and painted clay figurines as well as Yangliuqing New Year pictures enjoy high reputation abroad. Besides, tablecloth, embroidered blouses, woven straw articles, play diabolo, Western-style silver cutlery, headdresses, jewellery, jade and ivory carving are also very famous. Tianjin is renowned for Xiaozhan rice and teems with yellow croakers, Chinese herrings, Spanish mackerels, chub mackerels and prawn.
Transportation: Tianjin Binhai International Airport is located in the east of the urban area, in Dongli District, which is only 15 km to the east of the urban area. The city will also be served by the new Beijing Daxing International Airport in Beijing, currently under construction A few international routes are available, including Hiroshima, Hong Kong, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur, Nagoya, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Taipei-Songshan, Tapei-Taoyuan, and Ulan Bator. Tianjin Railway Station is the largest station in the city. It was first built in 1888 and then rebuilt in 1988. The station was again renovated in 2008 in preparation for the Olympic Games. Tianjin North is another railway stations in the urban area. Tanggu station serves the seaside district of the same name.
Tourisms: The dense network of ex-concession streets south and west of the central train station, and south of the Hai River, now constitute the areas of most interest to visitors. The city has many sights; it's the streetscapes – an assemblage of historic nineteenth - and early twentieth-century European architecture, juxtaposed with the concrete and glass monoliths of contemporary China. The Shuishang Park (Water Park), the largest park in Tianjin, covers an area of 200 hectares. Tianjin is also a cultural city and has museums of natural history, history and arts which attracted visitors with their rich collections. Schools, universities and other medical and scientific institutions have close ties with foreign countries.
Economy: The manufacturing sector was the largest (54.8%) and fastest-growing (18.2%) sector of Tianjin's economy in 2009. Major industries include petrochemical industries, textiles, car manufacturing, mechanical industries, and metalworking. Tianjin is actively developing financial reform and innovation. The China Bohai Bank, the first national commercial bank limited by shares with headquarters in Tianjin. Tianjin is transforming into a hub city for international shipping and logistics, modern manufacturing and research and development. Nominal GDP of Tianjin has swelled by 2.8 times from 184 RMB billion in 2001 to 505 RMB billion in 2007.
Cuisine: The local food In Tianjin characterized by a variety of sea food combines special features of Sichuan, Shandong, Huaiyang and Zhejiang food to form a unique style of its own. Food of the French, English, Italian and Russian style are also served in hotels and restaurants here. Besides, there are many kinds of snacks. Tourists can enjoy delicious food of either the Chinese or Western style in Tianjin.
Regions in China