About Czech Republic:
Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is a historic jewel at the heart of Europe, the Czech Republic packs a sizeable punch for such a small country; from its majestic castles to its medieval towns its elegant spa resorts to its scenic national parks. It is also, lest we forget, the birthplace of some of the world's finest beer. The Czech Republic is not a large country but has a rich and eventful history. From time immemorial Czechs, Germans, Jews and Slovaks, as well as Italian stonemasons and stucco workers, French tradesmen and deserters from Napoleon’s army have all lived and worked here, all influencing one another.
The UN ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia. Czech officials have supported dissenters in Burma, Belarus, Moldova and Cuba. The Czech landscape is exceedingly varied.
Climate: The Czech Republic is an all year round destination. The climate is very seasonal – spring, summer, autumn and winter are very distinct, as epitomized by a Czech. Winter can see temperatures drop to low minus numbers, whilst the summer period from May to August.
Geography: Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. Prague, the capital, is the largest city, with 1.3 million residents. The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Moravia, and Czech Silesia. Prague sits almost in the middle of Bohemia on the River Vltava, which flows into the Labe just to the north of the city. The Vltava rises in the forested Sumava hills that run along the country's southern border with Austria. The eastern third of the Czech Republic is known as Moravia. This region is also based on a river basin, that of the Morava River, which rises in the northern hills near the Polish border and flows south to join the Danube at Bratislava.
Nature: Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. here are four national parks in the Czech Republic. The oldest is Krkonose National Park (Biosphere Reserve), Sumava National Park (Biosphere Reserve), Podyji National Park, Bohemian Switzerland. The highest point in the country, Snezka at 1,602 m. Protected landscape area of Orlicke hory (??literal translation – Eagle Mountains) is located in the north-eastern part of the Czech Republic and is composed of over 50 km long ridge with altitudes around 1000 meters. The Luznice river is starting in Austria (4 km). It flows into the Vltava river in the town of Tyn nad Vltavou. Zoo and Safari Park is located in the town Dvur Kralove in the northern part of the Czech Republic.
UNESCO Cultural Heritage: The Functionalist Villa Tugendhat in Brno designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, the historical gardens and chateau in Kromeriz and the Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk steeped in symbolism in Zdar nad Sazavou. Telc Town is the place where most visitors start their tour of the town in one of the most romantic places in the Czech Republic. This town, which was created as a moated fortress, has the competitive nature of its inhabitants to thank for its appearance. Lednice-Valtice Complex, which has been included in the UNESCO list, is known as the Garden of Europe to this very day. It also features Chateau Lednice gained its ostentatious neo-Gothic appearance thanks to conversion in the middle of the 19th century. The gardens in Kromeriz features labyrinth of green walls, original floral and sculptural decoration, it represent a perfect symbiosis of light, plants, water, art and architecture.T he Castle and Gardens are some of the most beautiful in Europe.
Flora and Fauna: The most common species of animals living in the wild in this country include the hare, otter and marten. In the woods and fields you will very often see pheasants, partridges, wild boars, red deer, ducks and geese. Occasionally, one can also spot eagles and herons. In the northeastern part of Moravia you can very rarely see wolves and brown bears. The symbolic tree of the Czech Republic is the linden; the largest living tree in the Czech Republic is actually a linden. The Klokocovska linden in the Zelezne Mountains is considered the oldest Czech tree; its age is estimated about 1,000 years. The indigenous forests in the Czech Republic have been artificially replaced mainly by spruce woods, you can still find more than one-third of forests with original tree structure. Forests typical of the Czech Republic mainly include a mixture of oaks, firs and spruce.
Capital city: Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union. Romantically named ‘The City of a Thousand Spires’ Prague boasts some of the finest churches on the continent, dotted amongst cobbled lanes, classical opera houses and medieval bridges – and all watched over by a formidable fairytale castle. Its blend of ancient monuments, interactive museums, green parkland, fine restaurants, subterranean breweries, bustling markets and lively jazz clubs ensure there isn't a dull moment in this bohemian city. Prague become the capital of the recently independent country in 1993, it was a city reborn and today you can enjoy a wealth of restored historical buildings, a celebrated musical tradition and a noticeable, exciting atmosphere.
Shopping and Nightlife: The Golden Lane, under Prague Castle, then visit the unique art and antique stores that line Nerudova Street. For utterly unique fashion, visit designer outlet Boheme. Czech Republic include an ice hockey jersey ideally with the name of national hero Jaromir Jagr, wooden folk carvings and, if in Prague, a marionette puppet. The country is amed for its colour and beauty, and used in everything from decanters to chandeliers, it makes for a unique and beautiful gift – and costs a fraction of the price buying it here than it does outside of the country. Czech nightlife is Prague. The Czech capital has an extraordinarily diverse after dark scene, incorporating a bit of everything, from live theatre, ballet and opera, to clubs, casinos and lap dancing bars.
Cuisine: Czech cuisine has both influenced and been influenced by the cuisine of surrounding countries. Czech food is best described as hearty. It's dominated by meat, served with either bread, potatoes, or bread and potato dumplings, and slathered in sauce. Vino is the regional drink (Moravian wine available in white, red, rose and sparkling).T he first course is traditionally soup, the second course is the main dish, and supplementary courses such as dessert or compote. read is traditionally sourdough baked from rye and wheat, and is flavored with salt, caraway seed onion, garlic, seeds, or pork crackling. Pork is the most common meat, making up over half of all meat consumption.