Tallinn's medieval old town was built by German crusaders in the Late Middle Ages and is in magnificent condition, with the medieval city walls and towers almost completely intact and it rates as one of Europe's best preserved medieval old towns. The city is internationally renowned as a tourist destination, receiving more than 1.5 million visitors annually. Alas, the new town sprawling all around is largely built in typical concrete Soviet style, now joined with glass-and-steel cubes celebrating the post-Soviet economic boom.
Climate: Tallinn has a humid continental climate. with warm, mild summers and cold, snowy winters, Summers are mild, Spring starts out coo and Winters are cold but mild. The average high temp is 21 °C in the month of July and average low temp is -7 °C in the month of February.
Places to visit:
Landmark: Tallinn Town Hall: Tallinn Town Hall has become a familiar Gothic structure and its long history dates back as far as the 13th century. A Town Hall with a huge meeting room was firstly mentioned in a Real Estate book in 1322 as a "consistorium", which had a giant warehouse for that time. The town hall is built out of grey limestone and the roof out of clay roof tiles. It is much older than it looks and its current appearance shows. The old walls hiding behind later constructions tell a story about the multi-stage construction of the town hall. salient octahedral tower, which is mostly built into the building and leans on the wall, rises from the building's eastern gable. It was built in 1627–28 by G. Graff. It has a three-piece baroque spire with open galleries. The main facade is decorated by a defensive parapet and dragonhead-shaped gargoyles.
Church of the Holy Ghost: It is a Lutheran church in the old town district of Tallinn. The church has a plain, white-washed exterior with crow-stepped gables, an octagonal tower with the above-mentioned reconstructed renaissance spire and few but rather large Gothic windows with fine stone dressing. The galleries in the church are richly decorated with scenes from the Bible, painted in the mid-17th century and probably by different artists. The tower bell was created in 1433 and is currently the oldest in Estonia, while the church's painted clock face is also noteworthy and serves as the oldest public timekeeper within the city itself. The original wooden ceiling was replaced in 1360, when the present vaulting, tower and large gothic windows were added.
Other major landmark: Dome Church, Toompea Castle, Kadriorg Palace.
Old Town: Tallinn Old Town is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The medieval Old Town is known around the world for its well-preserved completeness and authentic Hanseatic architecture. Enchanting atmosphere, rich cultural scene, beautiful surroundings and plenty of galleries, cafes and restaurants to choose from: there is something for everyone in Tallinn. Tallinn has managed to wholly preserve its structure of medieval and Hanseatic origin. Patkuli and Kohtuotsa viewing platforms in Toompea are always open to the public and provide great vantage points to admire Tallinn Old Town and Tallinn coastline in their entirety. St. Nicolas Church near Raekoja square, is dedicated to fishermen and sailors. Originally built on 13th century. Also among the must-see-sights in Tallinn Old Town are the many churches. In the year 1997, Tallinn Old Town became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site and is often referred to as the “medieval pearl of Europe
Tallinn Zoo: Tallinn Zoo is a must-see for children and always makes for a great day out. The zoological gardens were established as long ago as 1939, when its lynxes were amongst the main highlights Tallinn Zoo has the World's largest mountain goat and sheep collection, and a large eagle and owl collection. The Elephant house was built in 1989 to celebrate the zoo's 50th birthday. It houses snakes, African elephants, pygmy hippos, armadillos, and rodents. Tallinn zoo is building new exhibits for bears, wolves, tigers and other animals, which live in old military buildings right now. Currently the only zoo in the whole of Estonia, the most popular animals of today. Since 2009 it is the most visited zoo in the Baltic states.
Other major attraction: Kadriorg, National Library of Estonia, Tallinn TV Tower, Toompea hill.
Transportation: The Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport is about 4 kilometers from Town Hall square. The most common ferry route is from Helsinki, Finland to Tallinn Port. Port of Tallinn is one of the biggest cruise and passenger ports in the Baltics. Over 30 cruise lines call on the port of Tallinn during the tourist season. Cruise vessels are mainly accommodated in the Old City Harbor, which is less than a mile northeast of the Old Town. The Elron railway company operates train services from Tallinn to various destination. The city operates a system of bus tram and trolley-bus.
Regions in Estonia