Honduras is the second biggest country in Central America. Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, prior to being conquered by Spain in the sixteenth century. Honduras is known for its rich natural resources, including various minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane, as well as for its growing textiles industry, which serves the international market. It has colonial villages (Gracias, Comayagua), ancient Maya ruins (Copan), natural parks (Moskitia), and a Pacific and Caribbean coastline and the Bay Islands, with great beaches and coral reefs where snorkeling and diving are exceptional by any standard.
Honduras literally means "depths" in Spanish. Honduras is divided into 18 departments. The capital city is Tegucigalpa in the Central District within the department of Francisco Morazan.
Climate: Honduras climate is tropical with cooler, more temperate weather in the mountains with temperatures ranging from 16°C (61°F) to 20°C (68°F). The Caribbean hurricane season is between June and November and although the Bay Islands and Caribbean coast of Honduras. The mainland, the rainy season in the Bay Islands is from July to January, with the rainiest months being October through early January.
Geography: Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea. The interior of the country comprises a central mountain system running from east to west, cut by rivers flowing into both the Caribbean and Pacific. The lowlands in the south form a plain along the Pacific coast. The Honduran territory consists mainly of mountains, but there are narrow plains along the coasts, a large undeveloped lowland jungle La Mosquitia region in the northeast, and the heavily populated lowland Sula valley in the northwest.
Nature: There are low-lying islands, surrounded by many cays, and are part of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. The Caribbean shore is the virtually uninhabited La Moskitia Coast. The Bay Islands, which consist of Roatan, Utila and Guanaja. In La Mosquitia, lies the UNESCO world-heritage site Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve, with the Coco River which divides the country from Nicaragua. The Islas de la Bahia and the Swan Islands (all off the north coast) are part of Honduras. Natural resources include timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, shrimp, and hydropower.
Flora and Fauna: Honduras has rain forests, cloud forests (which can rise up to nearly three thousand meters above sea level), mangroves, savannas and mountain ranges with pine and oak trees, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. In the Bay Islands there are bottlenose dolphins, manta rays, parrot fish, schools of blue tang and whale shark. The country hosts more than 6,000 species of vascular plants, of which 630 (described so far) are orchids; around 250 reptiles and amphibians, more than 700 bird species, and 110 mammal species, half of them being bats.
Capital city: Tegucigalpa is the capital of Honduras and seat of government of the Republic. It is situated in a valley, surrounded by mountains and both Tegucigalpa and Comayaguela, being sister cities, are physically separated by the Choluteca River. Tegucigalpa is Honduras' largest and most populous city as well as the nation's political and administrative center. Tegucigalpa is host to 25 foreign embassies and 16 consulates. The city is also home to the country's most important university, the National Autonomous University of Honduras, as well as the national soccer team. The Central District is the largest of the 28 municipalities in the Francisco Morazan department.
Tourisms: Honduras is a tropical paradise attracting many tourists every year to its gorgeous islands, lush rainforests and picturesque mountains. The country access to the world’s second largest barrier reef, Honduras presents some of the best diving and snorkeling opportunities in the Caribbean. What’s more, this beautiful country offers many attractions like ancient Mayan ruins, colonial villages and festive celebrations. From whitewater rafting to hiking and exotic wildlife viewing, there is no end to the fun and adventure.
Economy: Honduras was declared one of the heavily indebted poor countries by the World Bank. Gold, silver, lead and zinc are produced at mines owned by foreign companies. On 4 September 2012 Honduras government has signed a memorandum of understanding with a group of international investors to build a zone (city) with their own laws, tax system, judiciary and police, but the opponents tried to lodge a suit at the supreme court about it. Honduras signed the CAFTA, the free trade agreement with the United States. Honduras is the sixth poorest/least developed country in Latin America.
Regions In Honduras