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IcelandAbout Iceland:

Iceland is an island nation located in North Europe between the Greenland Sea and the Northern Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city is Reykjavik; the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to two-thirds of the population. The country's cultural heritage includes traditional Icelandic cuisine, Icelandic literature and medieval sagas. Iceland ranks high in economic, political and social stability and equality. In 2013, it was ranked as the 13th most-developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index.

Iceland In WinterThe name of the country Iceland may not be that appropriate: although 10% of Iceland is covered by glaciers, it has a surprisingly mild climate and countless geothermal hot-spots. Iceland has the smallest population of any NATO member and is the only one with no standing army, its lightly armed coast guard being in charge of defense.Iceland relied largely on fishing and agriculture. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. Iceland generally has a free-market economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries.

Iceland Volanic MountianClimate: Iceland has surprisingly mild winters for a country at that latitude owing to the warming effect of the Atlantic Gulf Stream, especially when put into comparison with the Russian one. The sun sets briefly each night in June, but it doesn't get fully dark before it comes back up again. In the March and September equinoxes, days and nights are of about equal length, as elsewhere in the world.

Geography: Iceland is a mountainous island nation in the north Atlantic Ocean, located between Europe and North America. It is northwest of the United Kingdom and has a strategic location between Greenland and Europe. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active with hot springs, geysers and icefields. The capital and largest city is Reykjavik. The interior consists mainly of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle.

Iceland NatureNature: The waterfall Gulfoss that captivates perfectly green, almost fluorescent dye, as well as the extinct volcano crater Kerid, characterized by its red rocks, whose bottom is filled with water. Half of Iceland's land area, which is of recent volcanic origin, consists of a mountainous lava desert Iceland is the world's 18th largest island, and Europe's second largest island after Great Britain. Iceland has three national parks: Vatnajokull National Park, Snæfellsjokull National Park, and Pingvellir National Park. The country is considered a "strong performer" in environmental protection. With almost 80% of the country uninhabited, much of Iceland's terrain consists of plateaux, mountain peaks, and fertile lowlands. There are many long, deep fjords and glaciers, including Europe's largest, Vatnajökull. The landscape is characterized by waterfalls, geysers, volcanoes, black sand beaches and otherworldly steaming lava fields.

Reykjavik city, IcelandCapital city: Reykjavik is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of the Faxafloi Bay. The city is  the heart of Iceland's cultural, economic and governmental activity. The city itself is spread out, with sprawling suburbs. The city centre, however, is a very small area characterized by eclectic and colorful houses, with good shopping, dining and drinking. The weather in Reykjavík is notoriously unpredictable. One minute the sun may be shining on a nice summers day, the next it may change into a windy, rainy autumn. The Reykjavík area coastline is characterized by peninsulas, coves, straits, and islands. The city of Reykjavík is mostly located on the Seltjarnarnes peninsula, but the suburbs reach far out to the south and east.

Polar Beer. Iceland Flora and Fauna: There are around 1,300 known species of insects in Iceland, which is low compared with other countries .There are a few small trees (ash, aspen, birch, and willow), the chief forms of vegetation are grass, mosses, and small shrubs (heather, willow, dwarf birch). Some 340 different species of flowers have been listed, but most of these are sparse. The animals of Iceland include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, chickens, goats, the sturdy Icelandic horse, and the Icelandic sheepdog, all descendants of animals imported by Europeans. Wild mammals include the Arctic fox, mink, mice, rats, rabbits and reindeer. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, travelling on icebergs from Greenland. 

Iceland  Fish IndustryEconomy: Iceland was among the poorest countries in Western Europe. Currently, it remains one of the most developed countries in the world. Iceland has the 2nd highest quality of life in the world. It economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, including software production, biotechnology, and finance; industry accounts for around a quarter of economic activity, while services comprise close to 70%.The main hub for international transport is Keflavik International Airport, which serves Reykjavik and the country in general. The corporate tax rate is a flat 18%, one of the lowest in the world. Iceland's agriculture industry, accounting for 5.4% of GDP, consists mainly of potatoes, green vegetables (in greenhouses), mutton and dairy products.

The waterfall GulfossTourisms: Nature is one of Iceland's many attractions for travelers, and while beautiful, it can also be harsh and unpredictable. Iceland offers a lot in the spring, fall and even winter, and prices are dramatically lower than in summer. Particularly passionate is their Christmas celebrations, and Aurora Borealis which is extremely picturesque in winter. The most popular are the many natural wonders that come up the road, is closed from October to mid-May, and some even up to early July. Iceland offers a vast range of exciting activities, whether you want to gaze at the Northern Lights, hike across the highlands, see giant whales in their natural environment or relax in a hot spring. It features Iceland's bustling cultural scene, full of creative festivals, art, food and design.



Regions in Iceland
Akureyri Arnessysla Austur-Bardastrandarsysla Austur-Hunavatnssysla
Austur- Skaftafellssysla Borgarfjardarsysla Dalasysla Eyjafjardarsysla
Gulbringusysla Kjosarsysla Myrasysla Nordur-Isafjardarsysla
Nordur-Mulasysla  Nordur-Tingeyjarsysla Rangarvallasysla Reykjavik
Skagafjardarsysla Snafellsnes -og Hnappadalssysla Strandasysla Sudur-Mulasysla
, Vestur-Bardastrandarsysla  Vestur-Hunavatnssysla Vestur-Isafjardarsysla  Vestur-Skaftfellssysla

Regions within Iceland:

A - B - D - E - G - H - I - K - M - N - O - R - S - V

(3 listings)
Today's Rates: 1 ISK = 0.00778 $ 1 ISK = 0.00499 £ 1 ISK = 0.00683 €
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