Liechtenstein's dynamic dining, drinking and live music offerings, and you have a pocket sized nation that punches well above its weight. . It is a member of the European Free Trade Association and part of the European Economic Area and the Schengen Area, but not of the European Union.
Climate: Liechtenstein has a continental climate featuring cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain, making the country a moderately popular ski destination. Summers are cool to moderately warm, also often cloudy and humid.
Geography: Liechtenstein is one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world. Liechtenstein is the sixth-smallest independent nation in the world by land area. Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and Austria to the east and north. It has an area of just over 160 square kilometres (62 square miles) and an estimated population of 35,000. Divided into 11 municipalities, its capital is Vaduz and largest town Schaan. The country lies between the upper reaches of the Rhine Valley and the Austrian Alps. The principality is noted for its fine vineyards. Most of the eastern border with Austria is not passable and is only accessible by foot as it is very mountainous, though the north of the country is well connected by road to Feldkirch in Austria.
Nature: Liechtenstein is very mountainous, Liechtenstein is situated in the Upper Rhine valley of the European Alps Despite its Alpine location, prevailing southerly winds make the climate of Liechtenstein comparatively mild. In winter, the mountain slopes are well suited to winter sports. From the Princess Gina Trail ('Furstin-Gina-Weg') in Malbun to the Schonberg, the Saminatal Valley, Alp Valuna, Alp Sucka or Alp Gapfahl, each and every hike in Liechtenstein is a unique journey of discovery into the heart of nature. The Princes' Way is one of the most famous paths in the Ratikon mountain range and is a classic mountain hike in Liechtenstein. T he country's highest point is the Grauspitz, which stretches to 2,599m. Roads are mainly laid out in a north-south pattern following the valley as well.
Flora and Fauna: The natural plant and animal life of Liechtenstein displays a considerable variety because of the marked differences in altitude. A number of orchid species are able to grow because of the warmth carried by the Fohn. In the higher mountain reaches are such alpine plants as gentian, alpine rose, and edelweiss. Common trees include the red beech, sycamore, maple, alder, larch, and various conifers. Indigenous mammals include the deer, fox, badger, and chamois. Birds, including ravens and eagles, number about 120 species. The Rhine Valley, the foothills above the river and the Alpine region mean that Liechtenstein is home to a wide range of flora and fauna that belies its small size. Liechtenstein also has an exceptionally wide range of fauna. For example, Liechtenstein is home to around two thirds of all mammal species found in Switzerland, despite the fact that Switzerland is 260 times larger.
Tourist attraction: Liechtenstein's historical highlights are located in the capital, Vaduz. While this tiny town may only have around 5,000 inhabitants, it also boasts an array of fascinating museums and galleries, as well as the atmospheric Prince's Wine Cellars and the neo-Gothic Vaduz Cathedral. Liechtenstein is the remarkable nature. This country has arguably the most impressive landscape in Europe. Most of the peaks in Liechtenstein soar more than 2,000m. There are also beautiful chapels to be found in lesser-visited villages like Triesen and Planken. The town of Schaan, is actually larger than Vaduz, and comes with its very own impressive church and Roman remains, while Balzers in the south west boasts what is perhaps Liechtenstein's most arresting fortification.
Capital city: Vaduz is the capital city. The town, located along the Rhine. The most prominent landmark of Vaduz is Vaduz Castle, the home of the reigning prince of Liechtenstein and the Liechtenstein princely family. Vaduz features an oceanic climate with mild summers and cool winters. Vaduz also has a local professional association football club, FC Vaduz which, as the other clubs in Liechtenstein, plays in the Swiss league system. Vaduz is home to the Prince's castle and his museums, and thus the main point of interest for visitors to this small country. In the center of the town there are some nice sculptures. Vaduz has a lively tourist industry, despite being one of the very few capital cities in the world without an airport or railway station. The National Art Gallery as well as the National Museum are located in Vaduz. The art gallery (Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein) is a museum of modern and contemporary art, also showing displays from the private princely Liechtenstein Collection, the main public display of which is in Vienna.
Food,Nightlife and Shopping: Liechtensteiner cuisine is greatly influenced by neighbouring Austria and Switzerland, as well as by countries further afield, like France and Germany. Yet it also has a distinct gastronomic culture of its own. Rheintaler Ribelmais is a famous dish similar to polenta, but only served in the Rhine Valley, Blauburgunder, Zweigelt and Blaufränkisch are locally produced red wines. Liechtenstein is famous for its handmade ceramics and pottery, as well as items made from local Balzner marble. There are also Liechtensteiner wines available, many of which will have been recently picked from the vineyards above the souvenir shops. For cinemas and live entertainment, there are several options. Nightclubs are considerably rarer. Most young people head to Coco Loco Nightclub in Balzers, where a mix of DJs and live bands entertain the crowds into the early hours of the morning.