Bergen is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway, on the peninsula of Bergenshalvoyen. The city was established before 1070 AD.
According to the survey of 2014 the municipal population was 274,800 making it the second-most populous city in Norway. Since 2000, the city of Bergen has been governed by a city government (byråd) based on the principle of parliamentarism. The city is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance. Natives speak the distinct Bergensk dialect. The city features Bergen Airport, Flesland, the Bergen Light Rail and is the terminus of the Bergen Line; Bergen Port is Norway's busiest Port. "Bergen received status as a city during king Olav Kyrre's rule, according to later sources, in 1070 AD".
"Bergen was founded as a handelsknutepunkt a crossroads for trading sometime during the 1020s or 1030s". Later, in a 2004 NRK article, she said that "A king decided at the start of the 11th century, that here a city ought to be." Furthermore she said that king Olav Kyrre "was not the first [king] to start building a city in Bergen. During World War II, Bergen was occupied on the first day of the German invasion on 9 April 1940, after a brief fight between German ships and the Norwegian coastal artillery. On 20 April 1944 the Dutch cargo ship Voorbode anchored off the Bergenhus Fortress, loaded with over 120 tons of explosives, blew up, killing at least 150 people and damaging historic buildings.
The population is 271,067 making the population density 583 people per km2. The main urban area of Bergen has 238,098 residents and covers an area of 96.71 square kilometres (37.34 sq mi). Surrounding the centre of the city are the Seven Mountains, although there is disagreement as to which of the nine mountains constitute these. Ulriken, Fløyen, Løvstakken and Damsgårdsfjellet are always included as well as three of Lyderhorn, Sandviksfjellet, Blåmanen, Rundemanen, Kolbeinsvarden Bergen occupies most of the peninsula of Bergenshalvøyen in the district of Midthordland in mid-western Hordaland. The municipality covers an area of 465 square kilometres (180 square miles). Most of the urban area is located on or close to a fjord or bay, although there are several mountains located within the urban area.
Museum: Museums include Troldhaugen, Bryggens Museum, Hanseatic Museum and Schotstuen.
Sports: There is Bergen's premier football team; founded in 1908.
What's the best time to travel to Bergen in Norway? Here are some facts:
- A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December.
- On average, the warmest month is July.
- On average, the coolest month is January.
- September is the wettest month.
May is the driest month.
Education: Education is served by the Bergen University, The University of Bergen offers more than 30 2-year Master's degree programmes taught in English. International applicants can apply for admission to these programmes by following the application procedures that apply for the relevant category.
The International School of Bergen is an international school in Bergen, Norway. It caters for primary school to senior high school level.
Higher education in Norway is offered by a range of eight universities, nine specialized universities, 24 university colleges as well as a range of private university colleges. The national higher education system is in accordance with the Bologna process, with bachelor's degrees master's degrees and doctoral degrees . Acceptance is offered after finishing upper secondary school with general university admissions certification.
Public education is free, with an academic year with two semesters, from August to December and from January to June. The ultimate responsibility for the education lies with the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research.
Norwegian University of Life Sciences,
Norwegian University of Science and Technology,
University of Agder,
University of Bergen,
University of Oslo,
University of Nordland.
The transportation is served by Bergen Airport, Flesland, is located 18 kilometres (11 mi) from the city centre, at Flesland, The airport serves as a hub for Scandinavian Airlines and Norwegian Air Shuttle.
The city centre is surrounded by an electronic toll collection ring using the Autopass system. The main motorways consist of E39, which runs north–south through the municipality, E16, which runs eastwards, and National Road 555, which runs westwards. There are four major bridges connecting Bergen to neighboring municipalities: the Nordhordland Bridge, the Askøy Bridge, the Sotra Bridge and the Osteroy Bridge. Bergen connects to the island of Bjoroy via the subsea Bjoroy Tunnel. Public transport in Hordaland is managed by Skyss, which operates an extensive city bus network in Bergen and to many neighboring municipalities, including one route which operates as a trolleybus. The trolleybus system in Bergen is the only one still in operation in Norway and one of two trolleybus systems in Scandinavia. The modern tram Bergen Light Rail (Bybanen) opened between the city centre and Nesttun in 2010,
By Sea: Bergen Port, operated by Bergen Port Authority, is the largest seaport in Norway. In 2011, the port saw 264 cruise calls with 350,248 visitors.
Regions of Norway