Papua New Guinea feature ritual garb made of human hair and rolled up Instant Noodle wrappers, rap in Pidgin English, or tribal warriors named 'Rambo' for their valor in combat, Papua New Guinea's collision with global culture has been intense and fascinating. Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975 following 70 years of Australian administration. There are many unique attractions, excursions and activities on offer, from discovering wrecks of WWII aircraft that lie in the jungle to peeking inside the sacred wooden haus tambarans (spirit houses) of towns and villages in the country.
Climate: Papua New Guinea has hot, tropical climate at sea level, cooling towards the highlands which also cause climatic variation from one area to another, affecting the southeast trade winds and the northwest monsoons.
Geography: Papua New Guinea geography is diverse and, in places, extremely rugged. It is consists of over 600 islands and lies in the middle of the long chain of islands stretching from mainland South-East Asia. It lies in the South Pacific, 160km north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. To the north and south of this central mountain range on the main island lie vast stretches of mangrove swamps and coastal river deltas. The main island shares a land border with Irian Jaya, a province of Indonesia. The mainland and larger islands are mountainous and rugged.
Nature: The island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate, forming part of a single land mass which is Australia-New Guinea. Dense rainforests can be found in the lowland and coastal areas as well as very large wetland areas surrounding the Sepik and Fly rivers. This terrain has made it difficult for the country to develop transportation infrastructure. Fast-flowing rivers from the highlands descend to the coastal plains. A line of active volcanoes stretches along the north coast of the mainland and continues on the island of New Britain. There are a number of active volcanoes, and eruptions are frequent. Earthquakes are relatively common, sometimes accompanied by tsunamis. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch, in the interests of preservation.
Islands: The Islands of Papua New Guinea are divided into four Groups, MANUS ISLAND: Manus Island can be reached by air or coastal cargo ship. For enthusiastic scuba divers, this island group is hailed as having some of the best diving in the world with visibility. NEW IRELAND: It is an island paradise of white sandy beaches, clear springs and rivers and soaring mountains that run the entire length of the island. NORTH SOLOMONS: This province comprises both Buka Island and Bougainville Island, as well as hundreds of smaller islets, cays and atolls. Boating enthusiasts find this a marine wonderland with untouched reefs to explore and and everlasting supply of reef fish and shellfish. KULAU LODGE BEACH RESORT: It features magnificent beach front location and views to the Rabaul's volcanoes, Kalau Lodge Beach Resort is located only twelve minutes drive from Rabaul.
Capital city: Port Moresby is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea .It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, on the southeastern coast of the Papuan Peninsula of the island of New Guinea. The city is quite spread out. The original colonial settlement was by the sea and this is still the port area, as well as the main business and banking district. On the hills above are upmarket residences. Port Moresby is home to a jumble of ethnicities including Melanesian, Papuan, Micronesian and Polynesian, but was once the land of just 2 native tribes .The city was named in honour of his father, Admiral Sir Fairfax Moresby. Port Moresby played an important role in World War II as the last line of defence before Australia and as a post for Allied troops braving the Kokoda Track.
Festivals: Tumbuan Mask Festiva: The Mask Festival aims to preserve, in a living form, the mask cultures of Papua New Guinea. This fascinating aspect of PNG's culture is most prevalent in the New Guinea Islands, Momase region and the Gulf Province. Papua New Guinea Arts & Cultural Festival: This national festival is designed to preserve the different forms of culture in PNG, with performances from traditional dance groups, contemporary groups and individual artists. Hiri Moale Festival: This colourful festival was originally designed to preserve the Hiri Trade expeditions between the Motu-Koitabu people and the Erema (Kerema) people on PNG's south-west coast. Other Festival like Goroka Show, Enga Cultural Show, Morobe Province Agricultural Show etc.
Shopping and Nightlife: The open-air market is interesting to walk through and you’ll see piles of potatoes and exotic leafy greens as well as more familiar tomatoes, capsicums (bell peppers) and avocados. A wide range of crafts is available in shops; alternatively, visitors can buy directly from villagers. Favourite buys include local carvings of ceremonial masks and statuettes. Yalaka village sells striking lime pots that are small and easy to carry. These gourds are decorated with a distinctive black pattern that runs around the girth of the gourd and fitted with a boar's tusk stopper. Several hotels in Port Moresby have dancing in the evenings and some organise live entertainment. The Arts Theatre stages regular performances.
Cuisine: Papua New Guinea cuisine include starchy vegetables such as wild sago, breadfruit, kaukau, yams, taro, sweet potatoes and rice as well as wild greens, bananas, coconuts and mango. Hotel dining rooms cater for most visitors and menus in main centres are fairly extensive. The more remote the area, the more likely it is that the menus will be basic. Pork, poultry, wild fowl, marsupials, turtles and cassowaries are commonly used for meat. Fish and shellfish are an important part of the diet. Alcohol is readily available and includes Australian and Filipino beers.