The Andean region of Cusco is one of Peru’s most popular tourist regions. Cusco the capital (also spelt Cuzco) was once the centre of the Incan Empire, and is rich with Inca history, temples and citadels, of which the most famous is Machu Picchu a UNESCO and World Heritage Site. The language learnt first by most of the residents was Quechua.
Climate: Cusco has a temperate climate with rains in the summer months (December-April). The average annual maximum temperature is 25 °C and the minimum is 15 °C . Heavy rains from December to March and a markedly dry season from May to October, where sunny days post temperatures of 25°C and freezing nights.
Geography: It is a region in Peru. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region on the south; and the Apurimac, Ayacucho and Junin regions on the west.
History: The Killke occupied the region from 900 to 1200, prior to the arrival of the Incas in the 13th century. Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire in 13th century. The first Spaniards arrived in the city on 15 November 1533. Francisco Pizarro officially arrived in Cusco on 23 March 1534, renaming it the "Very noble and great city of Cuzco". After Peru declared its independence in 1821, Cusco maintained its importance within the administrative structure of the country.
Mountains: Nevado Ausangate is a 20,628 ft / 6,288 m mountain peak near Cullcuyre, Cusco, Peru. Based on peakery data, it ranks as the 2nd highest mountain in Cusco and the 13th highest mountain in Peru. Ausangate is a 20,945 ft / 6,384 m mountain peak in the Cordillera Vilcanota Range in Cusco, Peru. Based on peakery data, it ranks as the 1st highest mountain in Cusco and the 6th highest mountain in Peru. The nearest peaks are Nevado Ausangate, Nevado del Inca, Callangate, Nevado Pico Tres, Nevado Salcantay, and Jatunriti. Ausangate belongs to the Peru 6000m Peaks peak list. Callangate is a 20,045 ft / 6,110 m mountain peak in the Andes
Capital city: Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cuzco Province. Cusco was the site of the historic capital of the Inca Empire and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. The city of Cusco extends throughout the Watanay river valley. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco The original Inca city was said to have been founded in the 11th century, more recently scholars have established that Inca did not occupy the area until after 1200 AD. As capital to the Inca Empire, Cusco was an important agricultural region.
Tourisms: CUSCO’s unique layout was designed by the Incas in the form of a puma. Many of the city’s finest Inca architectural treasures were so masterfully constructed out of local stone that they are still in great shape today, and the city is ripe for exploring: one minute you’re walking down a shadowy, stone-walled alley, the next you burst onto a plaza full of brightly dressed dancers from the countryside, joining in what, at times, seems like the endless carnival and religious festival celebrations for which Cusco is famous.
Festivals: Carnival in a week-long religious festival usually held some time in February. The date is moveable and depends on Easter. Festivities commence in Pisac on the Sunday 7 weeks before Easter Sunday and continue throughout the following week in the nearby communities. Qoyllur Rit'i in Quechua means 'Snow Star'; a name reminiscent of the festival's pre-Columbian origins, and often said to be a pre-Inca fertility rite. Qoyllur Riti is raw culture: an intense, noisy, extremely cold, unsanitary, and often confusing festival held at the base on a mountain glacier. It attracts devout pilgrims from all over the Cusco region and hosts thousands of dancers. The 'Inca Sun Festival' of June 24th is the Big One for tourists. It is staged at the massive ruins of Sacsayhuaman, above the city.
Cuisine: The indigenous with a very old inheritance coupled with years of colonial life have contributed to new components and seasonings; indeed the effects of cosmopolitan tourism have also been a decisive factor in the gastronomic delights of the Region. Some of the famous dishes are Timpu or Puchero, Stuffed Chili Pepper, Adobo and Chicharrones, Humitas. All the restaurant bars have a good variety of well known nationals and foreign liquors.
Regions of Peru