Geography: Arad county is situated in western Romania. Stretching on 7,754 sq. km, that is 3.2 per cent of Romania’s surface, it is the sixth county in size. Its neighbours are Bihor county in the north, Hunedoara and Alba counties in the east, Timis county in the south and Hungary in the west. The population in Arad county numbered more than 5 million habitants.
Climate: Arad County has a continental climate with cool and damp winters and summers are warm to hot. The average high temp is 30°C in the month of July and average low temp is -3°C in the month of January.
History: Arad is for the first time mentioned in a document dated 1028. Dacian citadels existed here ever since the 4th century BC, as part of Buerebista’s state and Decebal’s kingdom passing then, after AD 106, under Roman rule. The 6th Mountain Corps of the Romanian Army entered Arad on 17 May 1919 giving thus the town guarantees that it would pass under Romanian administration. In a swing of economic development, several important units were built: the textile mill (1867), the gas factory (1868), the brick and tile factory (1869) and a furniture mill (1878). Another furniture mill, founded in 1890 by Laurentiu and Lengyel (the present-day IMAR), was to become, in 1910, one of the most famous in Europe. The year 1892 saw the setting up of the Ioan Weitzer Railway Car and Locomotive Plant, and the Marta Works that in 1909 also produced motor cars.
The Liberty Statue: It is the most important attraction of the capital city Arad. The statue was created by Zala Gyorgy and it was inaugurated in 1890, in the memory of the martyrs. After World War I the authorities wanted to remove the statue, later they boarded it up, and it did not get back to its original place until 2004. The Statue can be found in the Reconciliation Square.
Neptun Beach: It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Romania and in Europe. Numerous species of plants cover the 40 hectares of the beach, which also has 5 swimming pools. It is the second biggest European beach, built beside a river.
The Arad county has a lot of scientific reservations, especially botanic, forestry, zoological and spelaeologic . Remarkable by the rarity and variety of their flora are: Moneasa natural reservation, the "Dosul Laurului" reservation from Zimbru, the Botanic Garden at the Macea Castle, the dendrologic parks from Gurahont, Bulci, Capalnas, Neudorf, Savarsin, Odvos and Manastur as well as the forestry reservations from Runcu-Grosi, Raul Mare – Halmagel, Prundul Mare Securigiu.
Arad Fortress: It is on the south bank of the Mures, marked the history of the town. The permanent garrison consisted of the Infantry Regiment 33, participant at all major military actions of the Empire. In the centre of the Fortress there is a Catholic Church and in buildings around it Franciscan monks were hosted. In November 1918 the fortress has been occupied by French-Serb troops and in July 1919 the Romanian army took it over. It is one of the main attraction of the city which showcase the rich history of the town.
Monasteries: Orthodox monasteries from Hodos-Bodrog, dated from 1177, from Bezdin, dated from 1334, from Arad Gai built in 1760-1762, Sf. Maria Radna Franciscan Monastery, built in 1727 – 1826 the Princely Orthodox Church from Halmagiu, dated back to the XIVth century, the Roman-Catholic Church from Sanpetru German, built in 1774.
Other tourist attraction: Lipova resort and city, Moneasa resort, The areas around Savarsin, Petris, Macea and Pecica.
River: Crisul Alb River: It flows through the towns Brad, Ineu, Chisineu Cris in Romania, and Gyula in Hungary, Crossing the border of Hungary. Source is in the southern Apuseni Mountains.
Other Rivers: Mure River, Aranca River.
Lakes, ponds and channels: Taut, Seleus, Cermei, Rovine, Matca Lakes and Gypsy Pond.
Economy: It is one of the most developed regions in Romania as it is located to the border, it attracts a great number of foreign investments. Natural resources in Arad, are worthy to be taken into account as there are oil and associated gases, points of extraction in the west of the county, molibden mines in the Savar?in area, marble quarries at Caprioara and Moneasa, mineral waters at Lipova, Moneasa, and uranium deposits in the NE part of the county.
Regions in Romania