The main islands to visit are Guadalcanal, Malaita, Choiseul, New Georgia, San Cristobal and Santa Isabel. The capital of Honiara, on Guadalcanal, is also well worth some time, with a museum, botanical gardens and it's very own Chinatown.The official name of the then British territory was changed from "the British Solomon Islands Protectorate" to "Solomon Islands" in 1975. Self-government was achieved in 1976. Solomon Islands' National Parliament building was a gift from the United States.
Climate: Solomon Islands has a Semi-tropical, mainly hot and humid, with little annual variation in temperature. The wet season (November to April) can bring severe tropical storms. The annual rainfall is about 3050 mm.
Geography: Solomon Islands IS a large number of islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28,400 square kilometers. The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. . The distance between the westernmost and easternmost islands is about 1,500 kilometers. Solomon Islands is an island nation that lies east of Papua New Guinea and consists of many islands: Choiseul, the Shortland Islands; the New Georgia Islands; Santa Isabel; the Russell Islands; Nggela ,Malaita; Guadalcanal; Sikaiana; Maramasike; Ulawa; Uki; Makira , Santa Ana; Rennell and Bellona; the Santa Cruz Islands and three remote, tiny outliers, Tikopia, Anuta, and Fatutaka. The highest point is Mount Makarakomburu, at 2,447 meters. Many low lying coral atolls dot the region.
Nature: Solomon Islands are more thrilling from land or under the sea: the country is in the world’s top five for fish and coral diversity, but its deep green forests lining sandy white beaches also house more species than most Pacific Island nations. Regional demand from across Asia for timber, tuna, sea turtle eggs, and other commodities has helped fuel deforestation and overfishing in the Solomon Islands — today, entire forests have been leveled, some of the world’s richest coral reefs are in jeopardy, and the critically endangered Hawksbill sea turtle is fighting for survival. Forests have come under great pressure from forestry activities. The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighboring archipelago of Vanuatu. The islands contain several active and dormant volcanoes with Tinakula and Kavachi being the v most active.
Flora and Fauna: Solomon Islands have an overflowing abundance of interesting and unique flora and fauna. The mountainous regions display lush tropical rainforest, whilst the ocean teems with underwater life. Orchids are one of the highlights, with over 200 different varieties identified throughout the country. Mangroves and coconut groves shelter the coastal strips, while the interiors of the high islands are swallowed by dense rainforest. The forest climbs through 24 belts, from towering lowland hardwoods to the mosses atop Guadalcanal's 2,300-meter peaks. There are many species of colorful parrots and 130 species of butterflies, including several species of birdwings. The 70 species of reptiles include crocodiles, frogs, lizards, skinks, snakes, toads, and marine turtles.
Capital city: Honiara is the capital city of Solomon Islands. The airport area to the east of Honiara was the site of a battle between the United States and the Japanese during the Guadalcanal Campaign in World War II, the Battle of Henderson Field of 1942, from which America emerged victorious. The city is an administered as a provincial town on the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal Island. The island of Guadalcanal is mountainous and covered in tropical rainforests and its coasts are lined with palms and white sandy beaches. Honiara is the heart of the Solomons. Honiara contains the majority of the major government buildings and institutions of Solomon Islands.
Tourisms: Honiara, the capital on Guadalcanal, which has a museum, botanical gardens and Chinatown. There are relics of WWII in and around the town, and notice boards indicate major battles and incidents that took place during the battle for Guadalcanal. Villages and scenic drives are within easy reach. In the Western Province on or near the islands of Gizo (the capital of the Western Province) and New Georgia. Well-known dive sites in the area include Munda, on the Roviana Lagoon. The wildlife on the islands is of great interest, consisting of a mixture of introduced and indigenous species. Fishing in the well-stocked waters. Enquiries may be made at the Point Cruz Yacht Club, which welcomes visitors. The country also features the 900 volcanic islands and coral atolls spread across the blue tropical waters. The superb marine life makes the islands an excellent destination for swimming and cruising.
Cuisine and Culture: There are a few restaurants outside the hotels in Honaria. Both Asian and European food is served and the cuisine is generally good. There are two Chinese restaurants in Honiara which are quite popular. Spirits, wine and beer are available. The Solomon Islands includes some culturally Polynesian societies which lie outside the main region of Polynesian influence, known as the Polynesian Triangle. In the traditional culture of the Solomon Islands, age-old customs are handed down from one generation to the next, allegedly from the ancestral spirits themselves, to form the cultural values to Solomon Islands. In the contemporary Solomon Islands, as elsewhere in Melanesia, kastom is the core of the assertion of traditional values and cultural practices in a modern context.
Shopping and Nightlife: The Local purchases include mother-of-pearl items, walking sticks, carved and inlaid wood, copper murals, conch shells and rare varieties of cowrie. New Georgia in the western district is known for carved fish, turtles and birds. Carvings in ebony, inlaid with shell, are unique. Duty-free shopping is available at a number of stores in Honiara. Honiara is a comparatively quiet town, although there are a few clubs with music and dancing, the occasional film show, and snooker and darts. The clubs offer temporary membership to visitors. They apparently had music and bands on Friday and Saturday night, plus other activities from Tuesday through Thursday. Dancing is often accompanied by bamboo bands, and panpipes are a popular accompaniment. The funeral dance of the Solomon Islands was described by Henry Brougham Guppy in 1887.