Seoul is the capital of South Korea. It is a fascinating blend of ancient traditions and cutting-edge digital technology city , home to endless street food vendors and vast nightlife districts, an extraordinarily high-pressure educational system and serene Buddhist temples, a trend-setting youth culture and often crushing conformism, extraordinary architecture and endless monotonous rows of grey apartment buildings. The city is situated on the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Seoul is considered a leading and rising global city, resulting from an economic boom called the Miracle on the Han River which transformed it from the damage of the Korean War to the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy. Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup, The city was named the 2010 World Design Capital.Seoul is the largest city in South Korea as well as the political and economic capital. Seoul's COEX Mall is the world's largest underground shopping mall. The city is the world's most wired city. and ranked first in technology readiness by PwC's Cities of Opportunity report.
Climate: Seoul has a humid continental/subtropical transitional climate, Summers are generally hot and humid and Winters are often cold to freezing. The average high temp is 30°C in the month of July and average low temp is -5°C in the month of January.
West Seoul Lake Park: It is located directly in the line of Gimpo International Airport’s arriving planes, it would seem an inauspicious place for a community park. As West Seoul Lake Park’s name suggests, the grounds include a number of water-themed attractions, like the Media Art Waterfall and the Sound Fountain. The latter’s name comes from its curious function. Every one or two minutes, when airplanes roar above – the fountain’s 41 nozzles shoot jets of water 15 meters into the air if noise levels exceed 81 decibels. Around the lake, a walking path and the culture deck plaza let you marvel of this ingenious fountain. Also inside West Seoul Lake Park is the Mondrian Garden. Named in honor of the Dutch painter, the area is divided by straight lines and 90-degree angles, which separate geometric spaces that are filled alternatively by water, native plants and pathways.
Seoul Olympic Park: It is located in southeastern Seoul’s Jamsil-gu district, the park’s massive 1.4 million square meters set it apart from virtually any other green space in the city. The Park is Designed by Kim Chung-up, it’s an impressive 24 meters high, 62 meters long and 37 meters wide. On the wide promenade leading up to it, four rows of pillars are decorated with traditional Korean mask designs. In addition to a large pond that wraps its way around much of the park, I’d say that Seoul Olympic Park’s most conspicuous feature is the recreated earthen fortress that rings most of its interior. the wall feels more like a precocious berm, with its grassy slopes covered in all manner of trees and bushes. Transformed into an extensive walking trail, it provides a great vantage point from which to view the park’s many interesting features.
Other natural attraction: Namsangol Hanok Village, Cheonggyesan Mountain, Yeouido Saetgang Ecological Park and Saetgang Bridge.
Namdaemun Gate: The Great South Gate (Namdaemun Gate), or Sungryemun, is a renowned Seoul icon and National Treasure Number One. It tragically fell victim to a fire by arson in 2008 and the wooden portion of the gate near the top was completely charred. The massive gate not only served as protection for the city, but also as the place to green foreign heads of state and emissaries, and was even utilized to keep out pesky Korean tigers. Namdaemun Market issituated next to the gate is also an exceedingly popular attraction in this area of Seoul. It is the largest retail shopping market in the entire city. Although it remains of a hotspot for tourists who are interested in seeing this large, outdoor market, this destination tends to be most frequented by Koreans, which makes it an excellent way to get in touch with local culture.
Other major landmark: Dongdaemun Gate, Admiral Yi Sun Shine Statue, N Seoul Tower.
Gyeongbok Palace: It is a Seoul royal palace where seven of the twelve kings of Korea between the years of 1399 and 1549 were throned Gyeongbok Palace was the first of the Five Grand Palaces constructed by the kings of the Joseon Empire in the 1300s and 1400s. Gyeongbokgung is located in northern Seoul and the main gate, Gwanghwamun, separates the palace grounds from a busy, pedestrian part of the city. The new palace was meant to be the headquarters for government and a whole range of other social and cultural activities. The Palace also features a number of major halls and gates, there are also a variety of store rooms, bridges, and other features that give visitors an idea of the original layout of the grounds. There is also a map that shows what the site looked like when the Seoul Royal Palace was first constructed and was the center of cultural and civic life on the Korean peninsula.
Other Historical Palace: Changdeokgung Palace, Deoksugung Palace.
Banpo Bridge: Banpo Bridge is an impressive double-deck bridge in the city of Seoul that connects the downtown districts of Seocho and Yongsan. It has come to be most notably recognized for a recent addition, the Banpo Bridge Fountain. It is an eco-friendly project as well, as the water for the fountain is taken from the river below. The fountains light up and even ‘dance’ while being lit from underneath the bridge. The fountain stretches on both sides of the bridge for over 1,140 meters, about 3,740 feet. The awesome design employs the use of over 10,000 energy efficient LED lights that make the nighttime viewing of the Banpo Bridge Fountain even more impressive. Light shows and other varieties of water performances. The decision to add this impressive feature to the bridge over the Han River is to make this area of Seoul a more appealing and aesthetically attractive environment for both residents and people visiting from outside the country.
Other major attraction: Korean Folk Village, Lotte World, 63 Building, Mount Inwang Shrine.
Transportation: Seoul features one of the world's most advanced transportation infrastructures that is constantly under expansion Two international airports serve Seoul. Gimpo International Airport, and Incheon International Airport on Yeongjong island in Incheon. Incheon International Airport has become, along with Hong Kong, a major transportation center for East Asia. Seoul is connected to every major city in Korea by rail. Seoul is also linked to most major Korean cities. The city has has a comprehensive subway network that interconnects every district of the city and the surrounding areas. With more than 8 million passengers per day, Seoul has the busiest subway system in the world. It also has has many large intercity/express bus terminals.