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About Eritrea

Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa. The capital is Asmara. Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afroasiatic languages, either of the Semitic or Cushitic branches.

Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations and IGAD, and is an observer in the Arab League. The culture of Eritrea has been largely shaped by the country's location on the Red Sea coast. One of the most recognizable parts of Eritrean culture is the coffee ceremony. Traditional Eritrean attire is quite varied among the different ethnic groups of Eritrea.

Eritrean cuisine

Eritrean cuisine is a fusion of Eritrea's native culinary traditions, and the area's long history of trade and social interchanges with other regions and cultures. Eritrean food habits vary regionally. In the highlands, injera is the staple diet and eaten daily among the Tigrinya. When eating, diners generally share food from a large tray placed in the centre of a low dining table. Numerous injera are layered on this tray and topped with various spicy stews. Diners break into the section of injera in front of them, tearing off pieces and dipping them into the stews.

Sowa is the name for the home-brewed beer common in Eritrea. It is made from roasted corn, barley and other grain and is flavored with gesho, a type of buckthorn leaf. The beverage is often made for celebrations; a sweet honey wine is also commonly served. The coffee ceremony is one of the most important and recognizable parts of Eritrean and Ethiopian cultures.


Asmara the capital city and largest settlement in Eritrea.  It is known for its well-preserved colonial Italian modernist architecture.

The city is home to the Eritrean National Museum and is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero. Most of central Asmara was built between 1935 and 1941, so effectively the Italians managed to build almost an entire city, in just six years.

The city shows off most early 20th-century architectural styles.

Some buildings are neo-Romanesque, such as the Roman Catholic Cathedral, some villas are built in a late Victorian style. Art Deco influences are found throughout the city; essentially Asmara was then what Dubai is now.Asmara is also the see of the archbishop of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, which became autocephalous in 1993.

St. Joseph's Cathedral

St. Joseph's Cathedral is a large Romanesque style cathedral in the centre of the city of Asmara, Eritrea. It was built in 1922 by the colonial authorities in Italian Eritrea.  The Catholic Church in Eritrea is a part of the Eritrean Catholic Church, an autonomous particular church in communion with the Pope of Rome.

The building took six years to construct and was consecrated in 1922. The tower rises 52 meters into the sky and it is possible to tour the tower and see fantastic views of the art deco city. On the cathedral site, there is also a primary school, a monastery, and a convent, all of which have existed since the initial construction of the cathedral. The edifice was constructed in the Lombard Romanesque style, and is now the seat of the Eritrean Catholic Archeparchy of Asmara.

Regions within eritrea:

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Today's Rates: 1 ERN = 0.09551 $ 1 ERN = 0.06130 £ 1 ERN = 0.08390 €
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